Numerical analysis of flow and heat transfer in the VAFB LOX storage Dewar tank
Abstract
The present report describes numerical simulation of threedimensional transient distributions of velocity and temperature of liquid oxygen (LOX) in the LOX Dewar tank of Vendenberg Air Force Base (VAFB). The present analyses cover the replenish time period only. Four test cases have been considered. For all four cases, the input boundary conditions are comprised of LOX facility heat loads, drain flow rates, recirculation flow rates and dewar heating. All the quantities are prescribed as functions of time. The first two test cases considered sensitivity of results to the computational grid. In Case 3, system heat load was changed, while in Case 4, a lower LOX level was specified. Cases 1 and 2 showed that the temperatures were not sensitive to the grid refinement. This provided a basic check on the numerical model. Cases 3 and 4 showed that the thermal boundary layer motion near the tank surface becomes more significant at the late time, e.g., 5 1/2 hours from replenish start. Comparison between results of Cases 3 and 4 showed, as expected, that the smaller initial LOX volume given in Case 4, results in higher temperature level. All calculated velocity and temperature distributions were found to be plausible.
 Publication:

Final Report CHAM of North America
 Pub Date:
 October 1984
 Bibcode:
 1984cham.rept.....T
 Keywords:

 Conservation Equations;
 Heat Flux;
 Heat Transfer;
 Liquid Oxygen;
 Temperature Distribution;
 Velocity Distribution;
 Computer Programs;
 Finite Difference Theory;
 Mathematical Models;
 Simulation;
 Thermal Boundary Layer;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer