Regulation of Protein Metabolism: Coupling of Photosynthetic Electron Transport to in vivo Degradation of the Rapidly Metabolized 32-Kilodalton Protein of the Chloroplast Membranes
In Spirodela oligorrhiza, mature chloroplasts copiously synthesize and degrade a 32-kilodalton membrane protein. The rates of synthesis and degradation are controlled by light intensity, the protein being unstable in the light and stable in the dark. Light-driven synthesis, but not degradation, is dependent on ATP. Degradation is blocked by herbicides inhibiting photosystem II electron transport, such as diuron and atrazine. Thus, both anabolism and catabolism of the 32-kilodalton protein are photoregulated, with degradation coupled to electron transport rather than phosphorylation.