A brief review of studies of closed-system freezing (no source of water except that in voids) of compacted soil canal linings, laboratory and field test results show that under certain soil and temperature conditions, freezing decreases soil density near the surface, but increases density at depth. In two linings, the average density increased slightly during a 20-year period. Frost penetration measurements made during the 1978-79 winter on a 1,5-thick reservoir lining, on three earth dams under construction, and on the Teton Dam remnant are shown along with associated soil conditions, air freezing indexes, and insulating effects of snow and, for one dam, a loose soil cover.
NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N
- Pub Date:
- March 1981
- Engineering (General)