Americium-241 concentrations in solutions contacting contaminated sediments for up to 2 yr were measured as a function of pH. Steady-state concentrations were reached within a few days. The solubility-limited Am concentration was found to decrease approximately 10-fold with one unit increase in pH. The log equilibrium constant for the solubility of Am (soil) solid [Am (soil) + H + ⇌ Am (aq complex)+] was found to be -4.12. The predictions based upon thermodynamic data suggest that Am (aq complex)+ is likely to be Am(OH) 2+. Although the chemical formula of Am (soil) was not determined, it does not appear to be Am(OH) 3(a). Published data on sorption coefficients of Am by different rocks, soils, and minerals were critically evaluated. Final Am solution concentrations calculated from the sorption coefficients of a variety of earth materials with several solutions agreed well with the concentrations predicted from the solubility of Am (soil) solid, indicating that the sorption coefficient data are controlled by Am precipitation.