Chemical equilibrium between sodium-aluminum silicate minerals and chloride bearing fluid has been experimentally determined in the range 500-700°C at 1 kbar, using rapid-quench hydrothermal methods and two modifications of the Ag + AgCl acid buffer technique. The temperature dependence of the thermodynamic equilibrium constant ( K) for the reaction NaAlSi 3O 8 + HCl o = NaCl o + 1/2Al 2SiO 5, + 5/2SiO 2 + 1/2H 2O Albite Andalusite Qtz. K = (a NaCl o) /(a H 2O ) 1/2/(a HCl o) can be described by the following equation: log k = -4.437 + 5205.6/ T( K) The data from this study are consistent with experimental results reported by MONTOYA and HEMLEY (1975) for lower temperature equilibria defined by the assemblages albite + paragonite + quartz + fluid and paragonite + andalusite + quartz + fluid. Values of the equilibrium constants for the above reactions were used to estimate the difference in Gibbs free energy of formation between NaCl o and HCl o in the range 400-700°C and 1-2 kbar. Similar calculations using data from phase equilibrium studies reported in the literature were made to determine the difference in Gibbs free energy of formation between KCl o and HCl o. These data permit modelling of the chemical interaction between muscovite + kspar + paragonite + albite + quartz assemblages and chloride-bearing hydrothermal fluids.