A surface formulation for characteristic modes of material bodies
Abstract
A theory of characteristic modes for material bodies is developed using equivalent surface currents. This is in contrast to the alternative approach using induced volume currents. The mode currents form a weighted orthogonal set over the material body surface, and the mode fields form an orthogonal set over the sphere at infinity. The characteristic modes of material bodies have most of the properties of those for perfectly conducting bodies. Formulas for the use of these modes in electromagnetic scattering problems are given. A procedure for computing the characteristic modes is developed, and applied to twodimensional bodies. Illustrative examples of the computation of characteristic currents and scattering cross sections are given for cylinders of different material constants.
 Publication:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
 Pub Date:
 November 1977
 DOI:
 10.1109/TAP.1977.1141685
 Bibcode:
 1977ITAP...25..789C
 Keywords:

 Cylindrical Antennas;
 Eigenvalues;
 Electromagnetic Scattering;
 External Surface Currents;
 Antenna Radiation Patterns;
 Circular Cylinders;
 Electromagnetic Fields;
 Far Fields;
 Operators (Mathematics);
 Scattering Cross Sections;
 Communications and Radar