Direct and indirect observations of interplanetary shock waves have been extended to the study of (i) the shock structure itself; (ii) the disturbed solar wind in its wake; (iii) additional discontinuities such as reverse shocks and pistons; and (iv) the shock's kinematic behavior. The last item — the trajectory — has benefited by the procedure (suggested by Pintér) of matching type II radio drift-inferred velocities with indirectly-inferred initial velocities found from at least two successive measurements in space. The significance of making type II observations at hectometric and kilometric wavelengths (as made, for example, by Slysh and Malitson, Feinberg and Stone) cannot be over-emphasized due to this technique's ability to make unambiguous solar terrestrial relationships. More direct and physically-meaningful observations, however, are still dependent uponin situ plasma and magnetic field measurements. Additional emphasis is presently being placed on numerical modeling of shock-induced disturbances in the solar wind as generated by both flares and stream-stream interactions. The former mechanism is emphasized in this review with several recommendations for further research: (a) further numerical modeling for shocks, starting when they are ‘born’ within relatively low-Alfvén speed coronal regions; (b) expanded synoptic studies by spacecraft at various heliocentric longitudes, radii, and (eventually) latitudes with coordinated diagnostics; and (c) extended patrol of natural probes, such as comets, augmented with theoretical studies of possible shock-induced mechanical and chemical effects.