The FLAMINGO project: Baryon effects on the matter power spectrum
Abstract
The effect of baryon physics associated with galaxy formation onto the largescale matter distribution of the Universe is a key uncertainty in the theoretical modelling required for the interpretation of Stage IV cosmology surveys. We use the FLAMINGO suite of simulations to study the baryon response due to galaxy formation of the total matter power spectrum. We find that it is only well converged for simulation volumes in excess of $(200~Mpc)^3$. We report results for simulations of varying feedback intensity, which either match the Xray inferred gas fractions in clusters and the z=0 stellar mass function, or shifted versions of the data, as well as for different implementations of AGN feedback. We package our results in the form of a Gaussian process emulator which can rapidly reproduce all the simulations' predictions to better than 1% up to the comoving wavenumber $k = 10~h/Mpc$ and up to z=2 for all the feedback models present in the FLAMINGO suite. We find that the response becomes stronger, the range of scales affected increases, and the position of the minimum of the response moves to smaller scales as the redshift decreases. We find that lower gas fractions in groups and clusters lead to a stronger response and that the use of collimated jets instead of thermally driven winds for AGN feedback enhances the effect. Lowering the stellar masses at fixed cluster gas fractions also increases the magnitude of the response. We find only a small (1% at $k<10~h/Mpc$) dependence of our results on the background cosmology, but a wider range of cosmology variations will be needed to confirm this result. The response we obtain for our strongest feedback models is compatible with some of the recent analyses combining weak lensing with external data. Such a response is, however, in strong tension with the Xray inferred gas fractions in clusters used to calibrate the FLAMINGO model.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 October 2024
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2410.17109
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2410.17109
 Bibcode:
 2024arXiv241017109S
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 14 pages, 13 figures, submitted to MNRAS, emulator will be released publicly with the final version of the paper, comments welcome