Cost optimisation of individualbased institutional reward incentives for promoting cooperation in finite populations
Abstract
In this paper, we study the problem of cost optimisation of individualbased institutional incentives (reward, punishment, and hybrid) for guaranteeing a certain minimal level of cooperative behaviour in a wellmixed, finite population. In this scheme, the individuals in the population interact via cooperation dilemmas (Donation Game or Public Goods Game) in which institutional reward is carried out only if cooperation is not abundant enough (i.e., their number is below a threshold $1\leq t\leq N1$, where $N$ is the population size); and similarly, institutional punishment is carried out only when defection is too abundant. We study analytically the cases $t=1$ for the reward incentive, showing that the cost function is always nondecreasing. We also derive the neutral drift and strong selection limits when the intensity of selection tends to zero and infinity, respectively. We also numerically investigate the problem for other values of $t$.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 February 2024
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2402.07663
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2402.07663
 Bibcode:
 2024arXiv240207663D
 Keywords:

 Quantitative Biology  Populations and Evolution