Decoding language from neural signals holds considerable theoretical and practical importance. Previous research has indicated the feasibility of decoding text or speech from invasive neural signals. However, when using non-invasive neural signals, significant challenges are encountered due to their low quality. In this study, we proposed a data-driven approach for decoding semantic of language from Magnetoencephalography (MEG) signals recorded while subjects were listening to continuous speech. First, a multi-subject decoding model was trained using contrastive learning to reconstruct continuous word embeddings from MEG data. Subsequently, a beam search algorithm was adopted to generate text sequences based on the reconstructed word embeddings. Given a candidate sentence in the beam, a language model was used to predict the subsequent words. The word embeddings of the subsequent words were correlated with the reconstructed word embedding. These correlations were then used as a measure of the probability for the next word. The results showed that the proposed continuous word embedding model can effectively leverage both subject-specific and subject-shared information. Additionally, the decoded text exhibited significant similarity to the target text, with an average BERTScore of 0.816, a score comparable to that in the previous fMRI study.
- Pub Date:
- September 2023
- Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction;
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Signal Processing;
- Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition