Density Devolution for Ordering Synthetic Channels
Abstract
Constructing a polar code is all about selecting a subset of rows from a Kronecker power of $[^1_1{}^0_1]$. It is known that, under successive cancellation decoder, some rows are Paretobetter than the other. For instance, whenever a user sees a substring $01$ in the binary expansion of a row index and replaces it with $10$, the user obtains a row index that is always more welcomed. We call this a "rule" and denote it by $10 \succcurlyeq 01$. In present work, we first enumerate some rules over binary erasure channels such as $1001 \succcurlyeq 0110$ and $10001 \succcurlyeq 01010$ and $10101 \succcurlyeq 01110$. We then summarize them using a "rule of rules": if $10a \succcurlyeq 01b$ is a rule, where $a$ and $b$ are arbitrary binary strings, then $100a \succcurlyeq 010b$ and $101a \succcurlyeq 011b$ are rules. This work's main contribution is using field theory, Galois theory, and numerical analysis to develop an algorithm that decides if a rule of rules is mathematically sound. We apply the algorithm to enumerate some rules of rules. Each rule of rule is capable of generating an infinite family of rules. For instance, $10c01 \succcurlyeq 01c10$ for arbitrary binary string $c$ can be generated. We found an application of $10c01 \succcurlyeq 01c10$ that is related to integer partition and the dominance order therein.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 April 2023
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2304.07667
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2304.07667
 Bibcode:
 2023arXiv230407667W
 Keywords:

 Computer Science  Information Theory
 EPrint:
 To be presented at ISIT 2023