Milky Way globular clusters on cosmological timescales. II. Interaction with the Galactic centre
Aims. We estimate the dynamical evolution of the Globular Clusters interaction with the Galactic centre that dynamically changed in the past. Methods. We simulated the orbits of 147 globular clusters over 10 Gyr lookback time using the parallel N-body code phi-GPU. For each globular cluster, we generated 1000 sets of initial data with random proper motions and radial velocities based on the observed values. To distinguish globular clusters interacting with the galactic centre, we used the criterion of a relative distance of less than 100 pc. We used four external potentials from the IllustrisTNG-100 database, which were selected for their similarity to the present-day Milky Way, to simulate the structure of the Galaxy at different times. Results. We obtained 3-4 globular cluster interactions per Gyr at distances of less than 50 pc and 5-6 interactions per Gyr at distances of less than 80 pc among the studied 147 globular clusters that had close passages near the Galactic centre. We selected 10 of them for detailed study and found almost 100% probability of interaction with the Galactic centre for six of them. Conclusions. According to our results, the maximum interaction frequency of globular clusters with the Galactic centre in the Milky Way is likely to be a few dozens of passages per Gyr within a central zone of 100 pc. This low frequency may not be sufficient to fully explain the relatively high mass (of order 10^7 Msol) of the nuclear star cluster in the Milky Way, if we consider only the periodic capture of stars from globular clusters during close encounters. Therefore, we must also consider the possibility that some early globular clusters were completely tidally disrupted during interactions with the forming nuclear star cluster and the Galactic centre.
- Pub Date:
- April 2023
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
- 25 pages, 21 figures, 5 tables. Accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysics