Dagger linear logic and categorical quantum mechanics
Abstract
This thesis develops the categorical proof theory for the noncompact multiplicative dagger linear logic, and investigates its applications to Categorical Quantum Mechanics (CQM). The existing frameworks of CQM are categorical proof theories of compact dagger linear logic, and are motivated by the interpretation of quantum systems in the category of finite dimensional Hilbert spaces. This thesis describes a new noncompact framework called Mixed Unitary Categories which can accommodate infinite dimensional systems, and develops models for the framework. To this end, it builds on linearly distributive categories, and $*$autonomous categories which are categorical proof theories of (noncompact) multiplicative linear logic. The proof theory of noncompact daggerlinear logic is obtained from the basic setting of an LDC by adding a dagger functor satisfying appropriate coherences to give a daggerLDC. From every (isomix) daggerLDC one can extract a canonical "unitary core" which up to equivalence is the traditional CQM framework of daggermonoidal categories. This leads to the framework of Mixed Unitary Categories (MUCs): every MUC contains a (compact) unitary core which is extended by a (noncompact) isomix daggerLDC. Various models of MUCs based on Finiteness Spaces, Chu spaces, Hopf modules, etc., are developed in this thesis. This thesis also generalizes the key algebraic structures of CQM, such as observables, measurement, and complementarity, to MUC framework. Furthermore, using the MUC framework, this thesis establishes a connection between the complementary observables of quantum mechanics and the exponential modalities of linear logic.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 March 2023
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2303.14231
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2303.14231
 Bibcode:
 2023arXiv230314231V
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Category Theory;
 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 Thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, University of Calgary, Fall 2021 (250 pages)