Extended Excess Hazard Models for Spatially Dependent Survival Data
Relative survival represents the preferred framework for the analysis of population cancer survival data. The aim is to model the survival probability associated to cancer in the absence of information about the cause of death. Recent data linkage developments have allowed for incorporating the place of residence or the place where patients receive treatment into the population cancer data bases; however, modeling this spatial information has received little attention in the relative survival setting. We propose a flexible parametric class of spatial excess hazard models (along with inference tools), named ``Relative Survival Spatial General Hazard'' (RS-SGH), that allows for the inclusion of fixed and spatial effects in both time-level and hazard-level components. We illustrate the performance of the proposed model using an extensive simulation study, and provide guidelines about the interplay of sample size, censoring, and model misspecification. We present two case studies, using real data from colon cancer patients in England, aiming at answering epidemiological questions that require the use of a spatial model. These case studies illustrate how a spatial model can be used to identify geographical areas with low cancer survival, as well as how to summarize such a model through marginal survival quantities and spatial effects.
- Pub Date:
- February 2023
- Statistics - Methodology;
- Statistics - Applications