MeasurementBased Quantum Clustering Algorithms
Abstract
In this paper, two novel measurementbased clustering algorithms are proposed based on quantum parallelism and entanglement. The Euclidean distance metric is used as a measure of similarity between the data points. The first algorithm follows a divisive approach and the bound for each cluster is determined based on the number of ancillae used to label the clusters. The second algorithm is based on unsharp measurements where we construct the set of effect operators with a gaussian probability distribution to cluster similar data points. We specifically implemented the algorithm on a concentric circle data set for which the classical clustering approach fails. It is found that the presented clustering algorithms perform better than the classical divisive one; both in terms of clustering and time complexity which is found to be $O(kN\text{log}N)$ for the first and $O(N^2)$ for the second one. Along with that we also implemented the algorithm on the Churrtiz data set of cities and the Wisconsin breast cancer dataset where we found an accuracy of approximately $97.43\%$ which For the later case is achieved by the appropriate choice of the variance of the gaussian window.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 February 2023
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2302.00566
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2302.00566
 Bibcode:
 2023arXiv230200566P
 Keywords:

 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 9 pages, 8 figures