Quantum systems driven by a time-periodic field are a platform of condensed matter physics where effective (quasi)stationary states, termed "Floquet states", can emerge with external-field-dressed quasiparticles during driving. They appear, for example, as a prethermal intermediate state in isolated driven quantum systems or as a nonequilibrium steady state in driven open quantum systems coupled to environment. Floquet states may have various intriguing physical properties, some of which can be drastically different from those of the original undriven systems in equilibrium. In this article, we review fundamental aspects of Floquet states, and discuss recent topics and applications of Floquet states in condensed matter physics.
- Pub Date:
- January 2023
- Quantum Physics;
- Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics;
- Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
- 12 pages, 6 figures, prepared for Encyclopedia of Condensed Matter Physics, 2nd edition