Hamiltonians and gauge-invariant Hilbert space for lattice Yang-Mills-like theories with finite gauge group
Motivated by quantum simulation, we consider lattice Hamiltonians for Yang-Mills gauge theories with finite gauge group, for example a finite subgroup of a compact Lie group. We show that the electric Hamiltonian admits an interpretation as a certain natural, non-unique Laplacian operator on the finite Abelian or non-Abelian group, and derive some consequences from this fact. Independently of the chosen Hamiltonian, we provide a full explicit description of the physical, gauge-invariant Hilbert space for pure gauge theories and derive a simple formula to compute its dimension. We illustrate the use of the gauge-invariant basis to diagonalize a dihedral gauge theory on a small periodic lattice.
- Pub Date:
- January 2023
- Quantum Physics;
- High Energy Physics - Lattice
- 28 pages, 10 figures