Variable Sampling MPC via Differentiable Time-Warping Function
Designing control inputs for a system that involves dynamical responses in multiple timescales is nontrivial. This paper proposes a parameterized time-warping function to enable a non-uniformly sampling along a prediction horizon given some parameters. The horizon should capture the responses under faster dynamics in the near future and preview the impact from slower dynamics in the distant future. Then a variable sampling MPC (VS-MPC) strategy is proposed to jointly determine optimal control and sampling parameters at each timestamp. VS-MPC adapts how it samples along the horizon and determines optimal control accordingly at each timestamp without offline tuning or trial and error. A numerical example of a wind farm battery energy storage system is also provided to demonstrate that VS-MPC outperforms the uniform sampling MPC.
- Pub Date:
- January 2023
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Systems and Control;
- Mathematics - Optimization and Control