Dimensionless Physics: Planck Constant as an Element of Minkowski Metric
Abstract
Diakonov theory of quantum gravity, in which tetrads emerge as the bilinear combinations of the fermionic fields, suggests that in general relativity the metric may have dimension 2, i.e. [g_{μν}] = 1/[L]^{2}. Several other approaches to quantum gravity, including the model of superplastic vacuum and BFtheories of gravity support this suggesuion. The important consequence of such metric dimension is that all the diffeomorphism invariant quantities are dimensionless for any dimension of spacetime. These include the action S, interval s, cosmological constant Λ, scalar curvature R, scalar field Φ, etc. Here we are trying to further exploit the Diakonov idea, and consider the dimension of the Planck constant. The application of the Diakonov theory suggests that the Planck constant $\hbar $ is the parameter of the Minkowski metric. The Minkowski parameter $\hbar $ is invariant only under Lorentz transformations, and is not diffeomorphism invariant. As a result the Planck constant $\hbar $ has nonzero dimension – the dimension of length [L]. Whether this Planck constant length is related to the Planck length scale, is an open question. In principle there can be different Minkowski vacua with their own values of the parameter $\hbar $. Then in the thermal contact between the two vacua their temperatures obey the analog of the Tolman law: ${{\hbar }_{1}}$/T_{1} = ${{\hbar }_{2}}$/T_{2}.
 Publication:

Soviet Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics Letters
 Pub Date:
 January 2023
 DOI:
 10.1134/S0021364022603013
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2209.15426
 Bibcode:
 2023JETPL.tmp....6V
 Keywords:

 General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
 Condensed Matter  Other Condensed Matter;
 High Energy Physics  Phenomenology
 EPrint:
 11 pages, no figures, version accepted in JETP Letters, arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2207.05754