Dissipatons as generalized Brownian particles for open quantum systems: Dissipaton-embedded quantum master equation
Dissipaton theory had been proposed as an exact, nonperturbative approach to deal with open quantum system dynamics, where the influence of the Gaussian environment is characterized by statistical quasi-particles, named dissipatons. In this work, we revisit the dissipaton equation of motion theory and establish an equivalent dissipaton-embedded quantum master equation (DQME) that gives rise to dissipatons as generalized Brownian particles. As explained in this work, the DQME supplies a direct approach to investigate the statistical characteristics of dissipatons and, thus, the physically supporting hybrid bath modes. Numerical demonstrations are carried out on the electron transfer model, exhibiting the transient statistical properties of the solvation coordinate.