Intriguing Plasma Composition Pattern in a Solar Active Region: A Result of Nonresonant Alfvén Waves?
The plasma composition of the solar corona is different from that of the solar photosphere. Elements that have a low first ionization potential (FIP) are preferentially transported to the corona and therefore show enhanced abundances in the corona compared to the photosphere. The level of enhancement is measured using the FIP bias parameter. In this work, we use data from the EUV Imaging Spectrometer on Hinode to study the plasma composition in an active region following an episode of significant new flux emergence into the preexisting magnetic environment of the active region. We use two FIP bias diagnostics: Si X 258.375 Å/S X 264.233 Å (temperature of approximately 1.5 MK) and Ca XIV 193.874 Å/Ar XIV 194.396 Å (temperature of approximately 4 MK). We observe slightly higher FIP bias values with the Ca/Ar diagnostic than Si/S in the newly emerging loops, and this pattern is much stronger in the preexisting loops (those that had been formed before the flux emergence). This result can be interpreted in the context of the ponderomotive force model, which proposes that the plasma fractionation is generally driven by Alfvén waves. Model simulations predict this difference between diagnostics using simple assumptions about the wave properties, particularly that the fractionation is driven by resonant/nonresonant waves in the emerging/preexisting loops. We propose that this results in the different fractionation patterns observed in these two sets of loops.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- December 2023
- Solar active regions;
- Solar abundances;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- Accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal