Coloring in Graph Streams via Deterministic and Adversarially Robust Algorithms
Abstract
In recent years, there has been a growing interest in solving various graph coloring problems in the streaming model. The initial algorithms in this line of work are all crucially randomized, raising natural questions about how important a role randomization plays in streaming graph coloring. A couple of very recent works have made progress on this question: they prove that deterministic or even adversarially robust coloring algorithms (that work on streams whose updates may depend on the algorithm's past outputs) are considerably weaker than standard randomized ones. However, there is still a significant gap between the upper and lower bounds for the number of colors needed (as a function of the maximum degree $\Delta$) for robust coloring and multipass deterministic coloring. We contribute to this line of work by proving the following results. In the deterministic semistreaming (i.e., $O(n \cdot \text{polylog } n)$ space) regime, we present an algorithm that achieves a combinatorially optimal $(\Delta+1)$coloring using $O(\log{\Delta} \log\log{\Delta})$ passes. This improves upon the prior $O(\Delta)$coloring algorithm of Assadi, Chen, and Sun (STOC 2022) at the cost of only an $O(\log\log{\Delta})$ factor in the number of passes. In the adversarially robust semistreaming regime, we design an $O(\Delta^{5/2})$coloring algorithm that improves upon the previously best $O(\Delta^{3})$coloring algorithm of Chakrabarti, Ghosh, and Stoeckl (ITCS 2022). Further, we obtain a smooth colors/space tradeoff that improves upon another algorithm of the said work: whereas their algorithm uses $O(\Delta^2)$ colors and $O(n\Delta^{1/2})$ space, ours, in particular, achieves (i)~$O(\Delta^2)$ colors in $O(n\Delta^{1/3})$ space, and (ii)~$O(\Delta^{7/4})$ colors in $O(n\Delta^{1/2})$ space.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 December 2022
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2212.10641
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2212.10641
 Bibcode:
 2022arXiv221210641A
 Keywords:

 Computer Science  Data Structures and Algorithms
 EPrint:
 29 pages