Backdoor Attack Detection in Computer Vision by Applying Matrix Factorization on the Weights of Deep Networks
The increasing importance of both deep neural networks (DNNs) and cloud services for training them means that bad actors have more incentive and opportunity to insert backdoors to alter the behavior of trained models. In this paper, we introduce a novel method for backdoor detection that extracts features from pre-trained DNN's weights using independent vector analysis (IVA) followed by a machine learning classifier. In comparison to other detection techniques, this has a number of benefits, such as not requiring any training data, being applicable across domains, operating with a wide range of network architectures, not assuming the nature of the triggers used to change network behavior, and being highly scalable. We discuss the detection pipeline, and then demonstrate the results on two computer vision datasets regarding image classification and object detection. Our method outperforms the competing algorithms in terms of efficiency and is more accurate, helping to ensure the safe application of deep learning and AI.
- Pub Date:
- December 2022
- Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition;
- Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence
- 7 pages, 4 figures, 5 tables, AAAI Workshop on Safe AI 2023