Height moduli on cyclotomic stacks and counting elliptic curves over function fields
Abstract
For proper stacks, unlike schemes, there is a distinction between rational and integral points. Moreover, rational points have extra automorphism groups. We show that these distinctions exactly account for the lower order main terms appearing in precise counts of elliptic curves over function fields, answering a question of Venkatesh in this case. More generally, using the theory of twisted stable maps and the stacky height functions recently introduced by Ellenberg, ZureickBrown, and the third author, we construct finite type moduli spaces which parametrize rational points of fixed height on a large class of stacks, socalled cyclotomic stacks. The main tool is a correspondence between rational points, twisted maps and weighted linear series. Along the way, we obtain the Northcott property as well as a generalization of Tate's algorithm for cyclotomic stacks, and compute the exact motives of these moduli spaces for weighted projective stacks.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 October 2022
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2210.04450
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2210.04450
 Bibcode:
 2022arXiv221004450B
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Number Theory;
 Mathematics  Algebraic Geometry
 EPrint:
 New Theorems 1.1 and 1.4 computing the exact counts of elliptic curves over a rational function field, fixed error in previous computations of the number of elliptic curves with specified Kodaira fibers (Theorems 1.6 and 8.9 in v1), introduction rewritten