Photonic time crystals are artificial materials whose electromagnetic properties are uniform in space but periodically vary in time. The synthesis of such materials and experimental observation of their physics remain very challenging. In this work, we extend the concept of photonic time crystals to metasurfaces. We demonstrate that time-varying metasurfaces preserve key physical properties of volumetric time crystals, in particular, generating momentum bandgaps for surface and free-space waves. Moreover, in sharp contrast to bulk time-crystals, the momentum bandgap can be directly accessed by free-space excitations, significantly simplifying the crystal implementation and its exploitation. Based on a microwave metasurface design, we achieved the first experimental confirmation of exponential wave amplification inside a momentum bandgap. The proposed metasurface serves as a universal material platform for realizing exotic photonic space-time crystals and providing low-noise amplification for surface wave signals in future 6G wireless communications.