We investigate the performance of the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick quantum battery based on shortcuts to adiabaticity (STA). We mainly consider the situation where the coupling strength of any two sites in the quantum battery is a sinusoidal function with respect to time. The charging efficiency of the quantum battery can be greatly enhanced via STA. We also analyze the influences of parameters, including particle number, anisotropic parameter, the amplitude and frequency of the driving fields. It is found that an efficient charging process and thus high charging advantages can be achieved by adjusting these parameters properly. Moreover, we calculate the energy fluctuation, von Neumann entropy and energy cost during charging. The STA can make the stored energy and the von Neumann entropy change periodically during the charging process and reduce the energy fluctuation, and the minimal energy fluctuation always occurs in the proximity of minima of the von Neumann entropy.