Spatial optimization problems (SOPs) are characterized by spatial relationships governing the decision variables, objectives, and/or constraint functions. In this article, we focus on a specific type of SOP called spatial partitioning, which is a combinatorial problem due to the presence of discrete spatial units. Exact optimization methods do not scale with the size of the problem, especially within practicable time limits. This motivated us to develop population-based metaheuristics for solving such SOPs. However, the search operators employed by these population-based methods are mostly designed for real-parameter continuous optimization problems. For adapting these methods to SOPs, we apply domain knowledge in designing spatially-aware search operators for efficiently searching through the discrete search space while preserving the spatial constraints. To this end, we put forward a simple yet effective algorithm called swarm-based spatial memetic algorithm (SPATIAL) and test it on the school (re)districting problem. Detailed experimental investigations are performed on real-world datasets to evaluate the performance of SPATIAL. Besides, ablation studies are performed to understand the role of the individual components of SPATIAL. Additionally, we discuss how SPATIAL~is helpful in the real-life planning process and its applicability to different scenarios and motivate future research directions.
- Pub Date:
- August 2022
- Mathematics - Optimization and Control;
- Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence;
- Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing;
- 32 pages, accepted at ACM Transactions on Spatial Algorithms and Systems: Special issue on the Best Papers from the 2020 ACM SIGSPATIAL Conference