Classification of Alzheimer's Disease Using the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) with Transfer Learning and Weighted Loss
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that gradually deprives the patient of cognitive function and can end in death. With the advancement of technology today, it is possible to detect Alzheimer's disease through Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans. So that MRI is the technique most often used for the diagnosis and analysis of the progress of Alzheimer's disease. With this technology, image recognition in the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease can be achieved automatically using machine learning. Although machine learning has many advantages, currently the use of deep learning is more widely applied because it has stronger learning capabilities and is more suitable for solving image recognition problems. However, there are still several challenges that must be faced to implement deep learning, such as the need for large datasets, requiring large computing resources, and requiring careful parameter setting to prevent overfitting or underfitting. In responding to the challenge of classifying Alzheimer's disease using deep learning, this study propose the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) method with the Residual Network 18 Layer (ResNet-18) architecture. To overcome the need for a large and balanced dataset, transfer learning from ImageNet is used and weighting the loss function values so that each class has the same weight. And also in this study conducted an experiment by changing the network activation function to a mish activation function to increase accuracy. From the results of the tests that have been carried out, the accuracy of the model is 88.3 % using transfer learning, weighted loss and the mish activation function. This accuracy value increases from the baseline model which only gets an accuracy of 69.1 %.