Auditing Ranked Voting Elections with Dirichlet-Tree Models: First Steps
Ranked voting systems, such as instant-runoff voting (IRV) and single transferable vote (STV), are used in many places around the world. They are more complex than plurality and scoring rules, presenting a challenge for auditing their outcomes: there is no known risk-limiting audit (RLA) method for STV other than a full hand count. We present a new approach to auditing ranked systems that uses a statistical model, a Dirichlet-tree, that can cope with high-dimensional parameters in a computationally efficient manner. We demonstrate this approach with a ballot-polling Bayesian audit for IRV elections. Although the technique is not known to be risk-limiting, we suggest some strategies that might allow it to be calibrated to limit risk.
- Pub Date:
- June 2022
- Statistics - Applications;
- Computer Science - Computers and Society
- 5 pages, 2 figures, accepted for E-Vote-ID 2022. This version has an updated URL for the software package