Expressive speech synthesis, like audiobook synthesis, is still challenging for style representation learning and prediction. Deriving from reference audio or predicting style tags from text requires a huge amount of labeled data, which is costly to acquire and difficult to define and annotate accurately. In this paper, we propose a novel framework for learning style representation from abundant plain text in a self-supervised manner. It leverages an emotion lexicon and uses contrastive learning and deep clustering. We further integrate the style representation as a conditioned embedding in a multi-style Transformer TTS. Comparing with multi-style TTS by predicting style tags trained on the same dataset but with human annotations, our method achieves improved results according to subjective evaluations on both in-domain and out-of-domain test sets in audiobook speech. Moreover, with implicit context-aware style representation, the emotion transition of synthesized audio in a long paragraph appears more natural. The audio samples are available on the demo web.
- Pub Date:
- June 2022
- Computer Science - Sound;
- Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence;
- Computer Science - Computation and Language;
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Audio and Speech Processing
- Accepted by Interspeech 2022