3D-related inductive biases like translational invariance and rotational equivariance are indispensable to graph neural networks operating on 3D atomistic graphs such as molecules. Inspired by the success of Transformers in various domains, we study how to incorporate these inductive biases into Transformers. In this paper, we present Equiformer, a graph neural network leveraging the strength of Transformer architectures and incorporating $SE(3)/E(3)$-equivariant features based on irreducible representations (irreps). Irreps features encode equivariant information in channel dimensions without complicating graph structures. The simplicity enables us to directly incorporate them by replacing original operations with equivariant counterparts. Moreover, to better adapt Transformers to 3D graphs, we propose a novel equivariant graph attention, which considers both content and geometric information such as relative position contained in irreps features. To improve expressivity of the attention, we replace dot product attention with multi-layer perceptron attention and include non-linear message passing. We benchmark Equiformer on two quantum properties prediction datasets, QM9 and OC20. For QM9, among models trained with the same data partition, Equiformer achieves best results on 11 out of 12 regression tasks. For OC20, under the setting of training with IS2RE data and optionally IS2RS data, Equiformer improves upon state-of-the-art models. Code reproducing all main results will be available soon.