Deep neural networks (DNNs) have a high capacity to completely memorize noisy labels given sufficient training time, and its memorization, unfortunately, leads to performance degradation. Recently, virtual adversarial training (VAT) attracts attention as it could further improve the generalization of DNNs in semi-supervised learning. The driving force behind VAT is to prevent the models from overfitting data points by enforcing consistency between the inputs and the perturbed inputs. This strategy could be helpful in learning from noisy labels if it prevents neural models from learning noisy samples while encouraging the models to generalize clean samples. In this paper, we propose context-based virtual adversarial training (ConVAT) to prevent a text classifier from overfitting to noisy labels. Unlike the previous works, the proposed method performs the adversarial training at the context level rather than the inputs. It makes the classifier not only learn its label but also its contextual neighbors, which alleviates the learning from noisy labels by preserving contextual semantics on each data point. We conduct extensive experiments on four text classification datasets with two types of label noises. Comprehensive experimental results clearly show that the proposed method works quite well even with extremely noisy settings.
- Pub Date:
- May 2022
- Computer Science - Computation and Language;
- Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence;
- Computer Science - Machine Learning
- 10 pages, Proceedings of Language Resources and Evaluation, 2022 (LREC'22)