We present Onesweep, a least-significant digit (LSD) radix sorting algorithm for large GPU sorting problems residing in global memory. Our parallel algorithm employs a method of single-pass prefix sum that only requires ~2n global read/write operations for each digit-binning iteration. This exhibits a significant reduction in last-level memory traffic versus contemporary GPU radix sorting implementations, where each iteration of digit binning requires two passes through the dataset totaling ~3n global memory operations. On the NVIDIA A100 GPU, our approach achieves 29.4 GKey/s when sorting 256M random 32-bit keys. Compared to CUB, the current state-of-the-art GPU LSD radix sort, our approach provides a speedup of ~1.5x. For 32-bit keys with varied distributions, our approach provides more consistent performance compared to HRS, the current state-of-the-art GPU MSD radix sort, and outperforms it in almost all cases.
- Pub Date:
- June 2022
- Computer Science - Distributed;
- and Cluster Computing;
- Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms;
- 12 pages, 11 figures, 2 tables