Magnetisation moment of a bounded 3D sample: asymptotic recovery from planar measurements on a large disk using Fourier analysis
We consider the problem of reconstruction of the overall magnetisation vector (net moment) of a sample from partial data of the magnetic field. Namely, motivated by a concrete experimental set-up, we deal with a situation when the magnetic field is measured on a portion of the plane in vicinity of the sample and only one (normal to the plane) component of the field is available. Under assumption that the measurement area is a sufficiently large disk (lying in a horizontal plane above the sample), we obtain a set of estimates for the components of the net moment vector with the accuracy which improves asymptotically with the increase of the measurement disk radius. Compared to our previous preliminary results, the asymptotic formulas are now rigorously justified and higher-order estimates are derived. Moreover, the presented approach, based on an appropriate splitting in the Fourier domain and estimates of oscillatory integrals (involving both small and large parameters), elucidates the derivation of asymptotic estimates of an arbitrary order, a possibility that was previously unclear. The obtained results are illustrated numerically and their robustness with respect to noise is discussed.