Chest radiographs are used for the diagnosis of multiple critical illnesses (e.g., Pneumonia, heart failure, lung cancer), for this reason, systems for the automatic or semi-automatic analysis of these data are of particular interest. An efficient analysis of large amounts of chest radiographs can aid physicians and radiologists, ultimately allowing for better medical care of lung-, heart- and chest-related conditions. We propose a novel Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT)-based method for the efficient identification and encoding of visual information that is typically lost in the down-sampling of high-resolution radiographs, a common step in computer-aided diagnostic pipelines. Our proposed approach requires only slight modifications to the input of existing state-of-the-art Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), making it easily applicable to existing image classification frameworks. We show that the extra high-frequency components offered by our method increased the classification performance of several CNNs in benchmarks employing the NIH Chest-8 and ImageNet-2017 datasets. Based on our results we hypothesize that providing frequency-specific coefficients allows the CNNs to specialize in the identification of structures that are particular to a frequency band, ultimately increasing classification performance, without an increase in computational load. The implementation of our work is available at github.com/DeclanMcIntosh/LeGallCuda.
- Pub Date:
- May 2022
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Image and Video Processing;
- Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Published in 2021 18th Conference on Robots and Vision (CRV). 8 pages with referances