Bifurcations and patterns in the Kuramoto model with inertia
In this work, we analyze the Kuramoto model (KM) with inertia on a convergent family of graphs. It is assumed that the intrinsic frequencies of the individual oscillators are sampled from a probability distribution. In addition, a given graph, which may also be random, assigns network connectivity. As in the original KM, in the model with inertia, the weak coupling regime features mixing, the state of the network when the phases (but not velocities) of all oscillators are distributed uniformly around the unit circle. We study patterns, which emerge when mixing loses stability under the variation of the strength of coupling. We identify a pitchfork (PF) and an Andronov-Hopf (AH) bifurcations in the model with multimodal intrinsic frequency distributions. To this effect, we use a combination of the linear stability analysis and Penrose diagrams, a geometric technique for studying stability of mixing. We show that the type of a bifurcation and a nascent spatiotemporal pattern depend on the interplay of the qualitative properties of the intrinsic frequency distribution and network connectivity.
- Pub Date:
- May 2022
- Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons;
- Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems
- 20 pages, 8 figures. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2105.07541