Objective: Distorted loudness perception is one of the main complaints of hearing aid users. Being able to measure loudness perception correctly in the clinic is essential for fitting hearing aids. For this, experiments in the clinic should be able to reflect and capture loudness perception as in everyday-life situations. Little research has been done comparing loudness perception in the field and in the laboratory. Design: Participants rated the loudness in the field and in the laboratory of 36 driving actions done by four different vehicles. The field measurements were done in a restricted street and recorded with a 360deg camera and a tetrahedral microphone. The recorded stimuli, which are openly accessible, were presented in three different conditions in the laboratory: 360deg video recordings with a head-mounted display, video recordings with a desktop monitor, and audio-only. Sample: Thirteen normal-hearing participants and 18 hearing-impaired participants participated in the study. Results: The driving actions were rated significantly louder in the laboratory than in the field for the audio-only condition. These loudness rating differences were bigger for louder sounds in two laboratory conditions, i.e., the higher the sound level of a driving action was the more likely it was to be rated louder in the laboratory. There were no significant differences in the loudness ratings between the three laboratory conditions and between groups. Conclusions: The results of this experiment further remark the importance of increasing the realism and immersion when measuring loudness in the clinic.