On the generalization capabilities of FSL methods through domain adaptation: a case study in endoscopic kidney stone image classification
Deep learning has shown great promise in diverse areas of computer vision, such as image classification, object detection and semantic segmentation, among many others. However, as it has been repeatedly demonstrated, deep learning methods trained on a dataset do not generalize well to datasets from other domains or even to similar datasets, due to data distribution shifts. In this work, we propose the use of a meta-learning based few-shot learning approach to alleviate these problems. In order to demonstrate its efficacy, we use two datasets of kidney stones samples acquired with different endoscopes and different acquisition conditions. The results show how such methods are indeed capable of handling domain-shifts by attaining an accuracy of 74.38% and 88.52% in the 5-way 5-shot and 5-way 20-shot settings respectively. Instead, in the same dataset, traditional Deep Learning (DL) methods attain only an accuracy of 45%.