Gatebased Quantum Computing for Protein Design
Abstract
Protein design is a technique to engineer proteins by modifying their sequence to obtain novel functionalities. In this method, amino acids in the sequence are permutated to find the low energy states satisfying the configuration. However, exploring all possible combinations of amino acids is generally impossible to achieve on conventional computers due to the exponential growth of possibilities with the number of designable sites. Thus, sampling methods are currently used as a conventional approach to address the protein design problems. Recently, quantum computation methods have shown the potential to solve similar types of problems. In the present work, we use the general idea of Grover's algorithm, a pure quantum computation method, to design circuits at the gatebased level and address the protein design problem. In our quantum algorithms, we use custom pairwise energy tables consisting of eight different amino acids. Also, the distance reciprocals between designable sites are included in calculating energies in the circuits. Due to the noisy state of current quantum computers, we mainly use quantum computer simulators for this study. However, a very simple version of our circuits is implemented on real quantum devices to examine their capabilities to run these algorithms. Our results show that using $\mathcal{O}(\sqrt N)$ iterations, the circuits find the correct results among all $N$ possibilities, providing the expected quadratic speed up of Grover's algorithm over classical methods.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 January 2022
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2201.12459
 Bibcode:
 2022arXiv220112459H
 Keywords:

 Quantitative Biology  Quantitative Methods