Spacetimes categories and disjointness for algebraic quantum field theory
Abstract
An algebraic quantum field theory (AQFT) may be expressed as a functor from a category of spacetimes to a category of algebras of observables. However, a generic category $\mathsf{C}$ whose objects admit interpretation as spacetimes is not necessarily viable as the domain of an AQFT functor; often, additional constraints on the morphisms of $\mathsf{C}$ must be imposed. We introduce disjointness relations, a generalisation of the orthogonality relations of Benini, Schenkel and Woike (arXiv:1709.08657). In any category $\mathsf{C}$ equipped with a disjointness relation, we identify a subcategory $\mathsf{D}_\mathsf{C}$ which is suitable as the domain of an AQFT. We verify that when $\mathsf{C}$ is the category of all globally hyperbolic spacetimes of dimension $d+1$ and all local isometries, equipped with the disjointness relation of spacelike separation, the specified subcategory $\mathsf{D}_\mathsf{C}$ is the commonlyused domain $\mathsf{Loc}_{d+1}$ of relativistic AQFTs. By identifying appropriate chiral disjointness relations, we construct a category $\chi\mathsf{Loc}$ suitable as domain for chiral conformal field theories (CFTs) in two dimensions. We compare this to an established AQFT formulation of chiral CFTs, and show that any chiral CFT expressed in the established formulation induces one defined on $\chi\mathsf{Loc}$.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 January 2022
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2201.09166
 Bibcode:
 2022arXiv220109166G
 Keywords:

 Mathematical Physics;
 High Energy Physics  Theory;
 Mathematics  Category Theory
 EPrint:
 53 pages