Comparison of data representations is a complex multi-aspect problem that has not enjoyed a complete solution yet. We propose a method for comparing two data representations. We introduce the Representation Topology Divergence (RTD), measuring the dissimilarity in multi-scale topology between two point clouds of equal size with a one-to-one correspondence between points. The data point clouds are allowed to lie in different ambient spaces. The RTD is one of the few TDA-based practical methods applicable to real machine learning datasets. Experiments show that the proposed RTD agrees with the intuitive assessment of data representation similarity and is sensitive to its topological structure. We apply RTD to gain insights on neural networks representations in computer vision and NLP domains for various problems: training dynamics analysis, data distribution shift, transfer learning, ensemble learning, disentanglement assessment.
- Pub Date:
- December 2021
- Computer Science - Machine Learning;
- Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence;
- Mathematics - Algebraic Topology
- Proceedings of the 39th International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML 2022), PMLR 162