Topological frequency conversion in Weyl semimetals
Abstract
We theoretically predict a working principle for optical amplification, based on Weyl semimetals: When a Weyl semimetal is suitably irradiated at two frequencies, electrons close to the Weyl points convert energy between the frequencies through the mechanism of topological frequency conversion from [Martin et al., Phys. Rev. X 7, 041008 (2017), 10.1103/PhysRevX.7.041008]. Each electron converts energy at a quantized rate given by an integer multiple of Planck's constant multiplied by the product of the two frequencies. In simulations, we show that optimal, but feasible band structures, can support topological frequency conversion in the "THz gap" at intensities down to 2 W /mm^{2} ; the gain from the effect can exceed the dissipative loss when the frequencies are larger than the relaxation time of the system. Topological frequency conversion forms a paradigm for optical amplification, which further extends Weyl semimetals' promise for technological applications.
 Publication:

Physical Review Research
 Pub Date:
 October 2022
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.043060
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2201.07804
 Bibcode:
 2022PhRvR...4d3060N
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter  Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics;
 Condensed Matter  Materials Science;
 Condensed Matter  Other Condensed Matter;
 Condensed Matter  Statistical Mechanics
 EPrint:
 Added new section on phasearray amplifier and plasmonenhanced frequency conversion