Constraining ultralight vector dark matter with the Parkes Pulsar Timing Array second data release
Abstract
Composed of ultralight bosons, fuzzy dark matter provides an intriguing solution to challenges that the standard cold dark matter model encounters on subgalactic scales. The ultralight dark matter with mass m ∼10^{23} eV will induce a periodic oscillation in gravitational potentials with a frequency in the nanohertz band, leading to observable effects in the arrival times of radio pulses from pulsars. Unlike scalar dark matter, pulsar timing signals induced by the vector dark matter are dependent on the oscillation direction of the vector fields. In this work, we search for ultralight vector dark matter in the mass range of [2 ×10^{24},2 ×10^{22}] eV through its gravitational effect in the Parkes Pulsar Timing Array (PPTA) second data release. Since no statistically significant detection is made, we place 95% upper limits on the local dark matter density as ρ_{VF}≲5 GeV^{/cm 3} for m ≲10^{23} eV . As no preferred direction is found for the vector dark matter, these constraints are comparable to those given by the scalar dark matter search with an earlier 12year dataset of PPTA.
 Publication:

Physical Review D
 Pub Date:
 October 2022
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevD.106.L081101
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2210.03880
 Bibcode:
 2022PhRvD.106h1101W
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics;
 Astrophysics  Astrophysics of Galaxies;
 Astrophysics  High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena;
 General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
 High Energy Physics  Phenomenology
 EPrint:
 9 pages, 3 figures, 2 tables