Observations have shown that spatially extended "TeV halos" are a common (and potentially generic) feature surrounding young and middle-aged pulsars. However, their morphology is not understood. They are larger than the "compact" region where the stellar remnant dominates the properties of the interstellar medium, but smaller than expected in models of cosmic-ray diffusion through the standard interstellar medium. Several explanations have been proposed, but all have shortcomings. Here, we revisit a class of models where the cosmic-ray gradient produced by the central source induces a streaming stability that "self-confines" the cosmic-ray population. We find that previous studies significantly underpredicted the degree of cosmic-ray confinement and show that corrected models can significantly inhibit cosmic-ray diffusion throughout the TeV halo, especially when similar contributions from the coincident supernova remnant are included.
Physical Review D
- Pub Date:
- June 2022
- Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena;
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies;
- High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
- 12 pages, 10 figures