Experimental study of the 30Si(3He,d )31P reaction and thermonuclear reaction rate of 30Si(p ,γ )31P
Background: Abundance anomalies in some globular clusters, such as the enhancement of potassium and the depletion of magnesium, can be explained in terms of an earlier generation of stars polluting the presently observed ones. It was shown that the potential range of temperatures and densities of the polluting sites depends on the strength of a few critical reaction rates. The 30Si(p ,γ )31P reaction has been identified as one of these important reactions.Purpose: The key ingredient for evaluating the thermonuclear 30Si(p ,γ )31P reaction rate is the strength of the resonances which, at low energy, are proportional to their proton width. Therefore, the goal of this work is to determine the proton widths of unbound 31P states. Method: States in 31P were studied at the Maier-Leibnitz-Laboratorium using the one-proton 30Si(3He,d )31P transfer reaction. Deuterons were detected with the high resolution one quadrupole three dipoles (Q3D) magnetic spectrometer. Angular distribution and spectroscopic factors were extracted for 27 states, and proton widths and resonance strengths were calculated for the unbound states. Results: Several 31P unbound states have been observed for the first time in a one-proton transfer reaction. Above 20 MK, the 30Si(p ,γ )31P reaction rate is now entirely estimated from the observed properties of 31P states. The reaction rate uncertainty from all resonances other than the Erc.m.=149 keV resonance has been reduced down to less than a factor of 2 above that temperature. The unknown spin and parity of the Erc.m.=149 keV resonance dominates the uncertainty in the rate in the relevant temperature range. Conclusion: The remaining source of uncertainty on the 30Si(p ,γ )31P reaction rate comes from the unknown spin and parity of the Erc.m.=149 keV resonance which can change the reaction rate by a factor of 10 in the temperature range of interest.