We study the response of an isolated quantum system governed by the Hamiltonian drawn from the Gaussian Rosenzweig-Porter random matrix ensemble to a perturbation controlled by a small parameter. We focus on the density of states, local density of states, and the eigenfunction amplitude overlap correlation functions which are calculated exactly using the mapping to the supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model. We show that the susceptibility of eigenfunction fidelity to the parameter of perturbation can be expressed in terms of these correlation functions and is strongly peaked at the localization transition: It is independent of the effective disorder strength in the ergodic phase, grows exponentially with increasing disorder in the fractal phase, and decreases exponentially in the localized phase. As a function of the matrix size, the fidelity susceptibility remains constant in the ergodic phase and increases in the fractal and in the localized phases at modestly strong disorder. We show that there is a critical disorder strength inside the insulating phase such that for disorder stronger than the critical, the fidelity susceptibility decreases with increasing the system size. The overall behavior is very similar to the one observed numerically in a recent work by Sels and Polkovnikov [Phys. Rev. E 104, 054105 (2021), 10.1103/PhysRevE.104.054105] for the normalized fidelity susceptibility in a disordered XXZ spin chain.
Physical Review B
- Pub Date:
- August 2022
- Condensed Matter - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks;
- Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics;
- Mathematical Physics
- 16 pages, 10 figures