Experimental investigation of a quantum heat engine powered by generalized measurements
Generalized measurements may allow the control of its back-action on the quantum system by interpolating from a very weak to strong projective action. Such a measurement can fuel a quantum heat engine or extract work depending on the system-meter interaction. Here, we performed a proof-of-concept experiment using nuclear magnetic resonance techniques to investigate a spin quantum heat engine driven by nonselective generalized (weak) measurements without feedback control. Our prototype of a quantum thermal device operates with a measurement protocol and a single heat bath. The protocol is composed of two nonselective measurement channels with variable measurement strengths; one dedicated to fueling the device (analogous to a hot heat source) and the other committed to work extraction. The experimental results highlight that this kind of quantum thermal device can reach unit efficiency with maximum extracted power by fine-tuning of the measurement strengths.
Physical Review A
- Pub Date:
- August 2022
- Quantum Physics
- 9 pages, 6 figures, typos removed, closer to the published version