Confinement of passing and trapped runaway electrons in the simulation of an ITER current quench
Abstract
Runaway electrons (REs) present a highpriority R&D issue for ITER but little is known about the extent to which RE generation is affected by the stochastic field intrinsic to disrupting plasmas. RE generation can be modelled with reduced kinetic models and there has been recent progress in involving losses due to field stochasticity, either via a losstime parameter or radial transport coefficients which can be estimated by tracing test electrons in 3D fields. We evaluate these terms in ITER using a recent JOREK 3D MHD simulation of plasma disruption to provide the stochastic magnetic fields where RE markers are traced with the builtin particle tracing module. While the MHD simulation modelled only the current quench phase, the case is MHD unstable and exhibits similar relaxation as would be expected during the thermal quench. Therefore, the RE simulations can be considered beginning right after the thermal quench but before the MHD relaxation is complete. The plasma is found to become fully stochastic for 8 ms and the resulting transport is sufficient to overcome RE avalanche before flux surfaces are reformed. We also study transport mechanisms for trapped REs and find those to be deconfined as well during this phase. While the results presented here are not sufficient to assess the magnitude of the formed RE beam, we show that significant RE losses could be expected to arise due to field stochasticity.
 Publication:

Nuclear Fusion
 Pub Date:
 August 2022
 DOI:
 10.1088/17414326/ac75fd
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2203.09344
 Bibcode:
 2022NucFu..62h6033S
 Keywords:

 runaway electrons;
 stochastic magnetic field;
 vertical displacement;
 plasma disruption;
 orbitfollowing;
 ITER;
 Physics  Plasma Physics
 EPrint:
 doi:10.1088/17414326/ac75fd