From sector 1-44 TESS observations, 19 new rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) stars, 103 ostensibly non-peculiar stars with roAp-like frequencies, and 617 δ Scuti stars with independent frequencies typical of roAp stars were found. Examination of all chemically peculiar stars observed by TESS resulted in the discovery of 199 Ap stars that pulsate as δ Sct or γ Dor variables. The fraction of pulsating Ap stars is the same as the fraction of pulsating chemically normal stars. There is no distinct separation in frequency or radial order between chemically peculiar δ Sct stars and roAp stars. In fact, all the features that originally distinguished roAp from δ Sct stars in the past have disappeared. There is no reason to assume that the high frequencies in roAp stars are driven by a different mechanism from the high frequencies in chemically normal stars. However, chemically peculiar stars are far more likely to pulsate with high frequencies. The term 'roAp' should be dropped: all roAp stars are normal δ Scuti stars.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Pub Date:
- March 2022
- stars: chemically peculiar;
- stars: oscillations;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- 19 pages, 11 figures, 5 tables