We present a near-infrared spectroscopic survey of narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies in the Southern hemisphere (using the SOFI instrument on the ESO-NTT telescope), sampled from optical surveys. We examine the kinematics of the broad-line region (BLR), probed by the emission line width of hydrogen (Pa α and H β). We observed 57 objects, of which we could firmly measure Pa α in 49 cases. We find that a single Lorentzian fit (preferred on theoretical grounds) is preferred over multicomponent Gaussian fits to the line profiles; a lack of narrow-line region emission, overwhelmed by the pole-on view of the BLR light, supports this. We recompute the catalogue black hole (BH) mass estimates, using the values of full width half-maximum and luminosity of H β, both from catalogue values and re-fitted Lorentzian values. We find a relationship slope greater than unity compared to the catalogue values. We ascribe this to contamination by galactic light or difficulties with line flux measurements. However, the comparison of masses computed by the fitted Lorentzian and Gaussian measurements show a slope close to unity. Comparing the BH masses estimated from both Pa α and H β, the line widths and fluxes shows deviations from expected; in general, however, the computed BH masses are comparable. We posit a scenario where an intermixture of dusty and dust-free clouds (or alternately a structured atmosphere) differentially absorbs the line radiation of the BLR, due to dust absorption and hydrogen bound-free absorption.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Pub Date:
- January 2022
- galaxies: active;
- galaxies: Seyfert;
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
- Accepted for publication by MNRAS. 15 pages, 15 figures